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19 JANUARY

THE FIRST CONVICTS ARRIVE AT BOTANY BAY

[ 19 January 1788 ]

On this day in 1788, the first batch of British convicts, about 498 men in three ships, arrived at Botany Bay, on the remote south eastern coast of Australia.

BRITISH NAVAL SHIPS REDUCE ADEN TO RUBBLE

[ 19 January 1839 ]

On the morning of 19 January 1839 a combined Royal Navy and East India Company naval expedition bombarded the settlement of Aden, a fishing port inhabited by what The Asiatic Journal described as “a miserable population of 600 composed of Jews, Banians, Arabs and Samahlies.”

CABINET HAS ‘NO HESITATION’ IN APPROVING USE OF GAS AGAINST THE TURKS

[ 19 January 1917 ]

On 19 January 1917, the British War Cabinet briefly considered the request of General Sir Archibald Murray, commanding the British expeditionary force in Egypt, to be able to deploy poison gas against Turkish troops. 

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