31 January 1915
On 31 January 1915, despite the hideous casualty rate suffered by commissioned British officers in the trenches of the Western Front, General Sir James Wilcox commanding the India Corps, refused to appoint Indian officers to lead his soldiers. ‘The Indian,’ he explained, ‘is simply not fit to lead his men against Europeans. He will lead a charge or cover a retirement, but if he has to think he fails. It is the presence and instincts of the white man which the Indian officer can never replace.’1
As the war continued, however, the horrific slaughter meant that the shortage of officers became even more acute and in August 1917 seven Indians were commissioned and a further two more before the end of the war. This still amounted to no more than one in every 100,000 Indian troops who joined the ranks as cannon fodder. Yet even this tiny number of Indian officers was seen as a problem by the all white membership of a committee set up under Lord Esher in 1919 to look into the modernisation of the Indian Army. They deemed it ‘unsettling’ for white British officers in India who might have to serve under them and were consequently now reluctant to join up.2
- Timothy C. Dowling, Personal Perspectives: World War 1, ABC-CLIO, Santa Barbara and Oxford, 2006, p41 and Piers Brendon, The Decline and Fall of the British Empire, 1781-1997, Jonathan Cape, London, 2007.
- Gautam Sharma, Nationalisation of the Indian Army, 18885-1947, Allied Publishers Ltd., New Delhi, 1996, pp. 55-56.
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