1950-1959 | Iran

21 NOVEMBER

14 SHOT DEAD IN REVENGE FOR IRA ATTACK – SYMPATHETIC MP ATTACKED IN PARLIAMENT.

[ 21 November 1920 ]

On the afternoon of Sunday 21 November 1920, armed police officers under British command surrounded Croke Park Football Ground in Dublin. 

IRA PRISONERS MURDERED

The lower section of a memorial to the three prisoners killed at Dublin Castle. Crop of photo via Domer48 and Wikimedia.

[ 21 November 1920 ]

During the evening of 21 November 1920, three IRA suspects, who were being held at Dublin Castle, were beaten to death.  But according to The Graphic it was, in the same way newspapers described the killing of 14 civilians at the Croke Park football ground earlier in the day, an unfortunate ‘tragedy.’  They had supposedly been shot because ‘they suddenly arose and attacked the guards, whose attention had been momentarily distracted from them.’1

TOP CIVIL SERVANT REFERS TO PERSIA AND ITS OIL AS ‘OUR PROPERTY’

The Anglo-Persian Oil Company depot at Abadan –
© IWM (Art.IWM ART 1835)

[ 21 November 1952 ]

Today in 1952, Evelyn Shuckburgh, the Principal Private Secretary to Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, noted in his diary: ‘I received tonight from Byroade (a senior U.S. official) his version of what Acheson (the Secretary of State) had said to A.E. (Anthony Eden) on Persia. He had slipped in a remark implying that if we do not do something soon ( to reach an agreement with Tehran over the nationalisation of the country’s oil production formerly in the hands of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company ), the US government may buy oil from Persia regardless of the fact that it is our property. I have to get this withdrawn.’2

FOOTNOTES

  1. ‘Tragic End of Three Sin Fein Leaders,’ The Graphic, 27 November 1920, p. 795.
  2. Evelyn Shuckburgh, Descent to Suez, Diaries 1951-56, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, 1986, p. 56.

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