1940-1949 | Churchill's crimes | Famine | India

Churchill slashes shipping space for India as it faces famine

5 January 1943 On 5 January 1943, Winston Churchill ordered the tonnage of shipping allocated for the Indian Ocean area to be slashed by 56 per cent, despite grave concerns expressed by Lord Linthigow, the Viceroy, that India faced a crippling food shortage. By contrast, Britain’s food reserves still exceeded, by at least fifty percent,…

1900-1919 | 1960-1969 | 2010-2019 | Backing dictatorships | Bahrain | Famine | India | Torture | Yemen

12 DECEMBER

FAMINE STRUCK INDIA FORCED TO PAY FOR GEORGE V’S 6,170 DIAMOND CROWN [ 12 December 1911 ] At noon on 12 December 1911, King George V, wearing a robe of imperial purple, was crowned Emperor of India at a ceremony of ‘unparalleled splendour’ in Delhi, at which he received the ‘homage and allegiance’ of the…

1800-1859 | 2000-2009 | Backing Apartheid | Backing repressive regimes | Executions | India | Israel

26 OCTOBER

HARROWING ACCOUNT OF THE EXECUTION OF INDIAN MUTINEERS PUBLISHED [ 26 October 1857 ] Today in 1857, a graphic account was published of the bloody aftermath of an execution in which Indian rebels at Ahmedabad were blown apart by cannon. It was one of many instances of exemplary punitive executions carried out during Britain’s suppression…

1940-1949 | Famine | India

24 SEPTEMBER

CHURCHILL RECOMMENDS STRAFING CROWDS OF IRISH NATIONALISTS [ 24 September 1920 ] On 24 September 1920, Winston Churchill, then Secretary of State for Air, urged the Chiefs of Staff to seriously consider the use of fighter aircraft against gatherings suspected of protesting or plotting against British rule. In his view, strafing attacks would be ‘a…

1800-1859 | Afghanistan | Civilians slaughtered | India | Looting and plunder | Prisoners murdered

13 SEPTEMBER

1100 HOUSES TORCHED – UNKNOWN NUMBER BURNED ALIVE IN CEYLONESE TOWN [ 13 September 1803 ] On 14 September 1803, Captain W. Pollock of the 51st Regiment of Foot, commanding a punitive military column targeting rebel held areas of Ceylon, reported to Major General Macdowal that the previous day, having found ‘the enemy had retreated…

1800-1859 | Executions | India

10 SEPTEMBER

BRITISH MAJOR RECOUNTS WITH PRIDE HIS EXTRA-JUDICIAL HANGINGS [ 10 September 1857 ] On 10 September 1857, during the suppression of the ‘Indian Mutiny’, The Globe newspaper carried a report by Major MacDonald, commanding the third irregular cavalry, in which he proudly recounted how he carried out executions of suspect rebels without any legal authorization. As he…

1800-1859 | Battlefield butchery | Extrajudicial killings | India | Massacres | Wounded killed

12 JULY

VICTORIOUS BRITISH TROOPS TAKE NO PRISONERS [ 12 July 1857 ] On this day in 1857, hundreds of Indian mutineers, including many seriously wounded, were denied any possibility of surrender after loosing the battle of Fatehpur. They were shot or bayoneted by the victorious British redcoats under the command of Brigadier-General Sir Henry Havelock.  The…

1800-1859 | Executions | India

4 JUNE

BRITISH REIGN OF TERROR AT BENARES [ 4 June 1857 ] On 4 June 1857, Colonel James Neill, after crushing the mutinous Indian soldiers of the 37th Native Infantry, imposed a reign of terror in the city of Benares. He armed civilians so that they could form ‘volunteer hanging parties,’ and so pacify the population…