1920-1939 | Bombing villages | Livestock targeted | RAF crimes | Somalia

RAF biplanes strafe and bomb dervish settlements and sheep

21 January 1920 On the morning of 21 January 1920, five open cockpit R.A.F. biplane bombers attacked the Dervish settlements of Jid Ali and Medishi in the remote interior of British Somaliland. The raid, which was to be the first of several, had been planned to punish the followers of a mystic Mullah, Mohammad Abdille…

1920-1939 | Kurdistan | Livestock targeted | Punitive operations | RAF crimes

The RAF strafe sheep and firebomb the tents of Kurdish nomads.

8 January 1925 On 8 January 1925, RAF headquarters in Baghdad ordered No 30 Squadron RAF to bomb and machine gun the grazing sheep flocks of the nomadic Jaff, who inhabited the Kurdish areas of Iraq and Iran. The official pretext given in a confidential Air Ministry report was that it was to punish the…

1900-1919 | 1920-1939 | Burning villages | Collective punishments | Livestock targeted | Pakistan | Punitive operations | Racism | RAF crimes

25 NOVEMBER

ONLY APPRENTICES OF ‘PURE EUROPEAN DESCENT’ CAN JOIN THE RAF [ 25 November 1936 ] On 25 November 1936, Sir Philip Sassoon, the Under Secretary of Air, answering a question in the House of Commons, confirmed that RAF apprentices of any rank, whether joining to be pilots, mechanics or any other role, ‘must be of…

1920-1939 | 1960-1969 | Bombing villages | Collective punishments | Pakistan | Punitive operations | RAF crimes | VIetnam

10 AUGUST

OUR MORNING’S SALUTATION – ‘REBELS ! TURN OUT YOUR DEAD !’ [ 10 August 1781 ] During the American Revolutionary War, the British kept so many captive rebels in New York that it became a virtual city of prisons. Thousands were confined in squalid conditions in makeshift jails converted from sugar houses, hospitals and warehouses. …

1920-1939 | Bombing villages | Pakistan | RAF crimes

14 MAY

BOMBING OF FRIENDLY VILLAGERS DESCRIBED AS AN ‘ERROR OF LITTLE CONSEQUENCE’ [ 14 May 1930 ] The British suspected that several villages in North Waziristan on India’s remote North West Frontier (near today’s border of Pakistan with Afghanistan) were providing food and shelter to the lashkars. These were groups of armed rebels operating in the…