1860-1899 | Civilians slaughtered | Egypt | Massacres

British fleet bombards Alexandria, killing hundreds

[ 11 July 1882 ] On 11 July 1882,  shortly after sunrise, a British fleet of fourteen warships began a deafening bombardment of Alexandria’s coastal defences and harbour area. It followed Egypt’s refusal to accept Britain’s supposed right to oversee and manage the country’s budget, which included huge payments in interest to the Suez Canal…

1860-1899 | Burning villages | Collective punishments | Nigeria | Punitive operations

African villages shelled, machine gunned and burned to the ground

16 November 1882 Shortly after dawn on 16 November 1882,  the gunboat HMS Flint shelled, rocketed and opened up with its Gatling gun on the village of Abari on the Forcados river, a navigable channel of the Niger Delta. A report carried in at least two British newspapers noted that the bombardment was maintained ‘for…

1860-1899 | Battlefield butchery | Egypt | Massacres | Wounded killed

Mass slaughter of the Egyptian wounded

13 September 1882 Today in 1882, a British army advancing on Cairo, under the command of General Sir Garnet Wolseley, butchered hundreds of Egyptians, who were either fleeing for their lives or lying wounded and helpless on the battlefield of Tel el-Kebir.  A reporter who watched the battle, informed his readers that British cavalry committed ‘fearful…