1920-1939 | Burning villages

Irish village almost totally destroyed by crown forces

19 June 1921 In the early hours of 19 June 1921, British ‘Black and Tans,’ a paramilitary force comprised mainly of former soldiers, set fire to the village of Knockcroghery in Country Roscommon in central Ireland. It was a calculated act of collective punishment, as British intelligence wrongly believed that some of the villagers were…

1940-1949 | Media propaganda | Racism

Propaganda and religious hatred provoke anti-Italian riots

10 June 1940 On the evening of 10 June1940, just hours after the outbreak of hostilities between Britain and Italy, anti-Italian mobs attacked shops, restaurants and other businesses owned by families of Italian origin. The violent assaults were widespread across London, Bristol, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Liverpool, Belfast, Newcastle, Manchester and other cities. In the Soho and…