1900-1919 | Backing Apartheid | Racism

South Africa Act 1909 creates the legal foundation of Apartheid

20 September 1909 On 20 September 1909, the British parliament passed the South Africa Act, which laid the legal foundation for apartheid South Africa. Section 35 restricted voting rights in three of the four provinces in the newly created Union of South Africa to white males. Only in Cape Colony were black men to be…

1900-1919 | Crimes against women | Kenya | Rape

Colonial Secretary warns against ‘immoral relations with native women’

11 January 1909 On 11 January 1909, Lord Crewe, Secretary of State for the Colonies, issued his ‘immoral relations’ memorandum. It cautioned all members of the Colonial Service on ‘the grave injury to good administration’ and ‘the disgrace and official ruin which will certainly follow’ should they become involved in ‘arrangements of concubinage with girls…