1900-1919 | Chemical weapons | Germany

Mustard gas shells fired at German lines in ‘handsome quantities’

26 September 1918 Today in 1918, the British army began an offensive to break through the German ‘Hindenburg line’ in France, by firing 10,000 mustard gas shells at the enemy trenches. Another 22,000 gas shells exploded among the German lines over the next three days.1  Mustard gas was the most feared of the poison gasses…

1900-1919 | Iraq

British troops seize Mosul to gain control over Mesopotamia’s oil fields

3 November 1918 on 3 November 1918, four days after an armistice with Germany’s First World War ally Turkey had brought to an end hostilities in the Middle East, the British army in Mesopotamia, acting under direct orders from Prime Minister Lloyd George, seized the town of Mosul in what is today northern Iraq.  British…

1900-1919 | Racism

30 OCTOBER

LLOYD GEORGE SCORNS ROLE OF BLACK SOLDIERS AND ‘A FEW NIGGER POLICEMEN’ [ 30 October 1918 ] On 30 October 1918, during the last days of the First World War, Prime Minister David Lloyd George met French prime minister, Georges Clemenceau, at Versailles to discuss among other pressing issues, a proposed armistice with Turkey. Clemenceau…