1920-1939 | Bombing villages | Burning villages | Collective punishments | Kurdistan | Livestock targeted | Punitive operations | RAF crimes

Kurdish valley of villages set on fire ‘from end to end’

12 September 1921 On Monday 12 September 1921, at 0530 hours the first pair of RAF biplane bombers, of Number 55 Squadron, took off from Mosul to take part in a surprise day long assault by mounted troops and aircraft on four Kurdish villages in the Harir Valley, some thirty miles north east of Erbil…

1920-1939 | Burning villages | Media propaganda | Punitive operations

Reprisals in Ireland – convent burned – random civilians murdered

18 January 1921 Following an ambush of auxiliary police on a country road in County Galway by the IRA, injuring six cadets, several lorry loads of British soldiers disembarked in the nearby village of Headford shortly after 10.30 pm on 18 January 1921. They immediately began to fire eight buildings in a reprisal operation, including the…

1920-1939 | Burning villages | Media propaganda

Homes and shops burned down as reprisal for IRA ambush

1 January 1921 At about 2 pm on New Years Day 1921, several lorry loads of British soldiers and Royal Irish Constabularly disembarked in the town centre of Midleton in County Cork. They handed out notices to three residents in Midleton’s Main Street and four residents in the neighbouring villages of Ballyadam and Knockgriffin, ‘giving them…

1920-1939 | Antisemitism | Palestine | Racism

1 APRIL

TOP GENERALS DESCRIBE PALESTINE AS ‘JEWLAND’ AND A ‘BEASTLY COUNTRY’ [ 1 April 1921 ] On 1 April 1921, Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson, Chief of the Imperial General Staff, and the highest ranking British soldier in the Empire, penned a revealing telegram to General Sir Walter Congreve, commanding British forces in Palestine. In it,…