1920-1939 | Bombing villages | Chemical weapons | Livestock targeted | RAF crimes

The RAF investigates ‘systems of attack’ against ‘uncivilised tribes’

18 December 1922 On 18 December 1922, the RAF’s Deputy Director of Operations and Intelligence, submitted a report to the Chief of the Air Staff, Sir Hugh Trenchard, suggesting possible ‘systems of attack against uncivilised tribes’. Britain was facing insurgencies across the Empire, and was particularly worried about the threat to continued British rule along…

1920-1939 | Bombing towns & cities | Collective punishments | Kurdistan | Punitive operations | RAF crimes

RAF drop 400 gallons of petrol and incendiaries on a Kurdish town

10 July 1922 On 10 July 1922, the small Kurdish town of Rowanduz was subjected to the first of a series of bombing raids by the RAF. Rowanduz was situated in northern Iraq, a country which was then under British military administration and a colony, in all but name. Group Captain Amyas Borton explained in…

1920-1939 | Civilians slaughtered | Kenya

Settlers, police and soldiers shoot dead hundreds in Nairobi

16 March 1922 On 16 March 1922, according to various official sources, Kenyan colonial soldiers and police shot dead 20 protesters in Nairobi though the real figure for those who died on the streets or later in hospital is now estimated to have been in the hundreds. The demonstrators were angry at the arrest two…