1940-1949 | Bombing towns & cities | Germany | RAF crimes

RAF fire bombing destroys Hamburg, killing over 18,000

28 July 1943 At about 12.55 am on Wednesday 28 July 1943, RAF Pathfinder aircraft began to drop their target indicators, lighting up the German city of Hamburg.¬† 791 aircraft had already bombed Hamburg three nights earlier [see 25 July 1943], and Bomber Command planners had been impressed with how well the city burned, killing…

1940-1949 | Bombing towns & cities | Churchill's crimes | Germany | RAF crimes

The first RAF fire bombing raid on Hamburg kills thousands

25 July 1943 At about 00.57 on 25 July 1943,  RAF bombers unleashed hundreds of bright red and yellow marker bombs, followed by thousands of incendiary bombs, on the densely populated German city of Hamburg. It was the first of four RAF fire bombing raids endured by the inhabitants over the following ten days, which…

1940-1949 | Churchill's crimes | Famine | India

Churchill slashes shipping space for India as it faces famine

5 January 1943 On 5 January 1943, Winston Churchill ordered the tonnage of shipping allocated for the Indian Ocean area to be slashed by 56 per cent, despite grave concerns expressed by Lord Linthigow, the Viceroy, that India faced a crippling food shortage. By contrast, Britain’s food reserves still exceeded, by at least fifty percent,…