1900-1919

Hundreds injured as British order police to attack workers in Dublin

31 August 1913 On 13 August 1913, a crowd gathered in O’Connell Street, Dublin, to protest against the refusal of employers to recognise the Irish Transport and General Workers Union (ITGWU). Four days earlier, tram workers, who had joined the union, found themselves locked out by the management and their jobs replaced by non-union scab…

1800-1859 | Burning towns and cities | Civilians slaughtered | Crimes against women | Looting and plunder | Rape | Spain

British sack San Sebastian, killing at least a thousand and raping the women

31 August 1813 On 31 August 1813, British troops, under the command of the legendary Arthur Wellesley, Marquess of Wellington, ransacked, looted and burned their way into the Basque town of San Sebastian, killing an unknown number of civilians, but later estimated by historians to have been at least a thousand. A census of the…

1500-1799 | Scotland

Scottish reformer Thomas Muir sentenced to transportation for 14 years

31 August 1793 On 31 August 1793, Thomas Muir, ‘the father of Scottish democracy’, was sentenced to be ‘transported beyond the seas… (to a penal colony in Australia) for the space of fourteen years’.  He was convicted of ‘wickedly and feloniously exciting… disloyalty and disaffection to the King and the established government.’1 Specifically he had…