1500-1799 | Biological weapons | United States

GENERAL AUTHORISES USE OF SMALLPOX TO KILL NATIVE AMERICANS

7 July 1763 In 1763, Major General Jeffrey Amherst, was the highly respected governor general of British North America and commander-in-chief of British forces. In 1760, he had led the successful campaign to drive the French from North America and now he was infuriated when Native Americans challenged the new British hegemony, by resisting the…

1960-1969 | Arms exports | Backing repressive regimes | Nigeria

Memo – We want to help Nigeria’s junta ‘any way we can’

7 July 1967 On 7 July 1967, the British government decided to explain apologetically to Major-General Yakubu ‘Jack’ Gowon, the leader of Nigeria’s military junta, that although it strongly sympathised with his efforts to crush any attempt by the persecuted Igbo population of Biafra to secede as an independent state, it would be diplomatically awkward…

1920-1939 | Palestine

Peel Commission backs the expulsion of Arabs from their land

7 July 1937 On 7 July 1937, a Royal Commission of Inquiry, headed by Lord Peel, published its report on Palestine, announcing that the current British mandate had become unworkable, and that the country should be divided into two states, Jewish and Arab. While the Jewish population was to receive one third of the land…