1960-1969 | Yemen

SECRET AGREEMENT TO COVERTLY SUPPORT REGIME CHANGE IN NORTH YEMEN

7 September 1963 On 7 September 1963, there was a secret meeting in Aden’s Crescent Hotel, between Colonel David Stirling, who had founded the Special Air Service (SAS) in 1942, Peter de la Billiere, a junior intelligence officer, Tony Boyle, a junior RAF officer, and Ahmed al-Shami, the foreign minister of the former Yemeni royalist…

1960-1969 | Torture | Yemen

The routine use of torture against detainees in Aden

18 December 1965 On 18 December 1965, medical reports by the Aden Director of Health Services were submitted which corroborated allegations of torture made against the British run interrogation centre at Fort Morbut in Aden.1 A representative of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) was eventually authorised to visit the prison to investigate on…

1960-1969 | Detention without trial | Torture | Yemen

a state of emergency declared in Aden – detainees tortured

10 December 1963 On 10 December 1963, Britain’s high commissioner, Kennedy Trevaskis, declared a state of emergency in Yemen in order to crush a nationalist insurgency against British rule. Within hours, the British army was rounding up dozens of trade union officials and members of Yemen’s People’s Socialist Party.1 The emergency laws gave Trevaskis and…

1960-1969 | Martial law | Torture | Yemen

Britain suspends the Aden constitution and imposes direct rule

25 September 1965 On 25 September 1965, the British government suspended the constitution in its colony of  Aden, officially known as the South Arabian Federation. All governing powers were placed in the hands of Sir Richard Turnbull, the high commissioner. The state legislature was dismissed and a dusk to dawn curfew imposed.1 A Downing Street…

1960-1969 | Detention without trial | Torture | Yemen

A Yemeni civil servant’s brief encounter with Britain’s Guantanamo

6 July 1966 At about 2 am on 6 July 1966, Hashim Jawee, a 22 year old Yemeni civil servant, was woken to the sound of his door being kicked in. He was taken away by British soldiers to an interrogation centre at Fort Morbut.  On arrival his senses would have been overwhelmed by the…

1960-1969 | Backing terror operations | MI6 crimes | Yemen

Our man in Aden authorises terror for terror policy

21 January 1964 On 21 January 1964, Robin Young, a British political officer in the newly created Federation of South Arabia, noted in his diary  the latest rules of engagement for covert terror operations inside neighbouring North Yemen, as laid down by Sir Kennedy Trevaskis, the British High Commissioner. London was determined that Egyptian forces,…

1800-1859 | Yemen

British naval ships reduce Aden to rubble

19 January 1839 On the morning of 19 January 1839, Royal Navy and East India Company ships bombarded the settlement of Aden, a fishing port inhabited by what The Asiatic Journal described as ‘a miserable population of 600 composed of Jews, Banians, Arabs and Samahlies.’1 The concentrated fire of 69 cannons soon flattened most of the defences and houses,…

1900-1919 | 1960-1969 | 2010-2019 | Backing dictatorships | Bahrain | Famine | India | Torture | Yemen

12 DECEMBER

FAMINE STRUCK INDIA FORCED TO PAY FOR GEORGE V’S 6,170 DIAMOND CROWN [ 12 December 1911 ] At noon on 12 December 1911, King George V, wearing a robe of imperial purple, was crowned Emperor of India at a ceremony of ‘unparalleled splendour’ in Delhi, at which he received the ‘homage and allegiance’ of the…