1900-1919 | Concentration camps

Lord Kitchener deceives South African Boers with empty promises

20 December 1900 On 20 December 1900, General Lord Kitchener issued a propaganda proclamation in which he promised South African Boer insurgents, who surrendered voluntarily, that they would be allowed to live in government run camps along with their families ‘until such time as the guerrilla warfare now being carried on will admit of their…

1900-1919 | Deportation | Executions | Prisoners murdered

Minister – sanctioning the shooting of Boer prisoners would be ‘awkward’

21 June 1900 On 21 June 1900, opposition was voiced by a minister in Cabinet to General’s kitchener’s ruthless war against Boer insurgents in South Africa, including the destruction of entire villages and the shooting of prisoners on sight. It was not on a point of principle but rather over concern as to how public…

1900-1919 | Burning crops | Burning villages | Collective punishments | Detention without trial | Livestock targeted | Punitive operations

Field Marshal Roberts – Detain Boer civilians and burn their homes

16 June 1900 In October 1899, Boer settlers in the Transvaal and Orange Free, faced with a tightening circle of British troops advancing from Cape Colony and Natal, had declared a war against Britain. It was a desperate act of rebellion. The British were confident it could be crushed within a few days, but they…

1900-1919 | Burning crops | Concentration camps | Detention without trial | Livestock targeted

Kitchener arrives in South Africa to wage war of genocide

10 January 1900 On 10 January 1900, Major General Horatio Herbert Kitchener arrived in Cape Town as the new Chief in Staff of an army of some 200,000 men. The task he had been given was to crush attempts by the descendants of Dutch settlers to form their own Boer homeland in South Africa, independent…